Skip to content

Essay About Civil Rights

The Civil Rights Movement Of The 1960'S

In the history of the United States there have been many social changes that have occurred. The Civil Rights Movement of the 1960’s was one of the most significant and important for the equality of all people. Since the abolition of slavery in 1863, there had been a continuous conflict between the races of people who live in the United States. Rights were violated on a consistent basis, purely because of the color of that person’s skin. Unfortunately many of the changes that the movement fought for brought on a violent opposition from many white southerners and that led to the violent deaths of some of the famous leaders of the Civil Rights Movement. It also led to two pretty distinct groups of black activists. One group was rather violent, and one believed in peaceful nonviolent resistance.

Violence Breeds Violence

One side of this coin was more militant groups who demanded change or they threatened violent activity. The Black Panthers were a great example of this type of organization. Although they did preach violence, this organization also provided some much needed child care infrastructure to many black citizens all over the country. The Muslims also posed a violent threat, as leaders like Malcolm X, stated consistently that blacks deserve change and equality and if they aren’t given it, they should take it. Although toward the end of his life, he became more reconcilable, he was murdered not by the white opposition, but from fundamental opposition within his own organization. Violence was a part of the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960’s but it was the far less effective force in leading to change. Violence leads to fear and separation, and ultimately to only more violence.

Nonviolent resistance

Martin Luther King, Jr. was the leader of the Civil Rights Movement and he preached strict nonviolent resistance. This meant that protesters would violate laws and traditions which were racist and discriminatory, but wouldn’t resist any action by the police or government or both. This led to young peaceful African Americans being sprayed with water hoses, and punched and kicked as they simply walked in a peaceful protest. It also led to sit ins at establishments that practiced segregation, or at the college buildings where black Americans were unable to enroll, not because they weren’t intelligent enough, but because they happened to be born with a dark skin pigmentation.

In the end, Martin Luther King was killed by an assassin, but his death couldn’t change his message. All men are the same, it is the content of their character by which they should be judged not the color of their skin. This is a message that is accepted as a matter of fact today and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960’s is largely responsible for this.

Essay writing is quite challenging to students. However, following a general format and structure requires an introductory part, the body of the paper and the concluding part.

How to start

Civil rights essays normally have general information about the civil rights, the history and main points that will be discussed in the body. This topic reveals both the physical and the philosophical aspects against discrimination of people based on their color, struggles against fascism equal rights and the culminating events that brought an end to the different injustices infringing the rights of everybody. Therefore, a well-elaborated thesis statement forms the last part of the introduction revealing what the right is about to discuss in the subsequent sections.

Example of introduction for a civil rights essay:

Civil Rights in the USA

“The American civil rights movement is greatly talked about especially the actions taken by the activists in 1960s to ensure that everybody especially the American blacks get equal rights and opportunities in the nation just like their white colleagues. Some of the respected activists who brought about change through the boycotts and struggles include Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X among others. These people ensured that the civil rights movement in America brought about an end to discrimination and that all the African Americans gain equal opportunities and access to economic equality. The climax of the American Civil Rights Movement was the 1963 march on Washington whose aim was to get “Jobs and Freedom” for all. The rate of employment of the Black Americans was wanting with a US Census data at the 1940s indicating that two-to-one ratio gap of employment was the order of the workforce. This was coupled with a 9.9% unemployment rate among the black people compared to 5% unemployment rate among their white colleagues. The climax of Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s improved the living conditions of the African Americans which in turn boosted the economy of the USA besides shunning evils such as discrimination, racism, and segregation in the American society.”

How to write the body

The body elaborates the main points that support the topic explained in sentence form with vivid examples and evidence that are connected to form a meaningful explanation. Each point is explained in its paragraph uniquely though they are joined using transitions and are linked to the main idea as elaborated in the thesis statement regarding the topic.

Example of body paragraphs for a civil rights essay:

“Civil Rights in America led to the economic improvement of the American black people. The civil rights movement led to the development of the black race to the middle class. This is indicated in the 1974 article published in The Time magazine ‘Race: America’s Rising Black Middle Class.’  The magazine reveals that the black Americans have been improving in their economic spheres after the 1960s civil rights movements. This action led to the enforcement and legislation of various laws that changed the perceptions and attitudes of the American public to have a passion for growth. Besides, these laws led to increased job opportunities for the black Americans that were well paid. Some black people began accessing different job positions such as managerial positions. On the same note, employers began changing their attitudes to embrace inclusivity as well as increased access to quality education to the black people. The realization of these activities was evident in the 1970s pegged on the legislation and federal assistance to ensure that the black voices were heard just like their White colleagues.

Secondly, the America as a nation benefitted from the civil rights regarding economic improvement. The movement led to the abandonment of segregation ideas and activities. Therefore, most of the industries such as the textile, mills employed blacks who increased the American workforce. Thus, these industries gained their economic momentum which led to the growth in the economy. Most blacks were now able to send their children to good schools and colleges. South Carolina as a state had its black population joining the job market at 20% in 1970 up from the 5% in the onset of 1963. This led to the inflow of capital, the realization of the creativity among people together with the opening of the new enterprises. Thus, the economy of the USA as a whole began to have a steady rise.

Lastly, Civil Rights Movement in the USA led to the development of a stronger democracy in the American society. The ethnic minority was inspired especially the Indian Americans, Asian Americans as well as the LGBT societies. Most of these people were now free to participate freely in politics, economic and cultural arena. Thus, was able to lay out their grievances in powerful ways.”

How to conclude

The conclusion normally reveals the general idea of the writer regarding the civil rights movement. This is elaborated through a summary of the different points discussed in the body of the essay. This is followed by a brief expression of the writer’s own idea among others.

Example of conclusion for a civil rights essay:

“In conclusion, the Civil Rights Movement in the USA was a right method of expression in particular by the American blacks against oppressions, discrimination, racism, and inequality regarding the job opportunities among others.  This led to equality of opportunity for accessibility of employment, education, industries and having advanced democracy by the blacks as their white colleagues in the USA.”