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Ap World History Change Over Time Essay Rubric Sample

Presentation on theme: "Change & Continuity Over Time (CCoT) Essay AP World History."— Presentation transcript:

1 Change & Continuity Over Time (CCoT) Essay AP World History

2 What’s the goal of this essay? It deals specifically with analysis of continuities and changes over time. Change: You have to recognize major changes in history, and identify and understand what causes those changes. Continuity: You have to recognize factors which remain the same throughout history, and identify and understand factors that allow this. It addresses a particular theme. Technology, trade, culture, migrations, the environment, politics… It also addresses a particular region (but usually, you get to pick) You have to analyze what changes and what stays the same for an aspect of history, explain why those changes and continuities occur, and give specific examples.

3 CCoT prompts look like this:

4 What the Directions Mean 1. Write a thesis that points out changes & continuities over time. 2. Support it with evidence. 3. Answer all parts of the question. 4. Show the change over time, using relevant history. a. Contrast how things turned out with how things were originally, and weigh what changed vs. what stayed the same. 5. Analyze the process of continuity and change. Explain why it happens.

5 The rubric: Basic Core: CompetenceExpanded Core: Excellence 1. Has acceptable thesis. (Addresses global issues, correct time period. Must include change and continuity.) - 1 point 2. Addresses all parts of the question, though not necessarily evenly or thoroughly. - 2 points 3. Substantiates thesis with appropriate historical evidence. - 2 points 4. Uses relevant historical context effectively to explain change over time and continuity. (How are changes and continuities in this specific topic influenced by global historical movements or processes?) - 1 point 5. Analyzes the process of change over time and continuity. (Why do things change or stay the same?) - 1 point Expands beyond the basic core of 1-7 points. A student must earn 7 points in the basic core before earning points in the expanded core area. ● Has a clear, analytical, and comprehensive thesis ● Addresses all parts of the question comprehensively ● Provides even and ample evidence of change and continuity ● Analyzes both change and continuity throughout the essay ● Provides ample world historical context ● Provides extended analysis of change or continuity (extra reasons why things change or stay the same)

6 Writing the CCoT

7 Step 1: Process the Prompt Read the question and figure out what you’re expected to do. Circle the key phrases: What (topics) Who (societies or regions) When (dates) What: Changes & continuities in Participation in interregional trade (trade with other regions) Who: One of the three choices (Latin America, Sub- Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia) When: 1500 to 1750

8 Step 2: Brainstorm your Info The topics you discuss (what changes & stays the same) will be based on the prompt. Sometimes they’ll give you categories, other times you can create your own. SCRIPTED: Social, Cultural, Religion, Interactions with Others, Politics, Technology, Economics, Demography (Population) Try to get 3 topics. → 3-sentence thesis

9 Step 2: Brainstorm Your Info 1500 1750 Beginning: (The “baseline”) What is the topic like in this region at the beginning of this time period? Set it up so you can explain the changes Middle: What has changed about this topic? What has stayed the same? Why? End: What has changed about this topic? What has stayed the same? Why?

10 Step 2: Brainstorm Your Info 1500 1750 Beginning: (The “baseline”) What is the topic like in this region at the beginning of this time period? Set it up so you can explain the changes Ex. In SE Asia, part of Indian Ocean trade network -- peaceful trade between India, China, Arabs Middle: What has changed about this topic? What has stayed the same? Why? Ex. Changes - European nations (Spain, Portugal) get into trade More military use in SE Asia (Portugal) Continuities - Trade between India, China, Arabs for luxury goods End: What has changed about this topic? What has stayed the same? Why? Ex. Changes - Dutch dominate spice trade, English begin to control India Europeans control major trading ports & demand tribute from locals Continuities - etc.

11 Step 3: Write a Thesis/Intro 1 sentence -- set up the time period/historical background (using the prompt) 3 sentences - 1 for each of your 3 main arguments Make sure to address continuity and change See the whiteboard for examples

12 Step 4: Write the Essay Each body paragraph is a snapshot of time. What’s going on with your topic in this area during this part of history? (You can think of it like the “beginning” paragraph, the “middle” paragraph, and the “ending” paragraph.) In each body paragraph, talk about each of your three themes/topics: Topic Sentence Theme 1 - what changed or stayed the same? Why (analyze)? Theme 2 - what changed or stayed the same? Why (analyze)? Theme 3 - what changed or stayed the same? Why (analyze)? For each theme, prove it -- give historical evidence (facts) Global context What’s going on in the rest of the world? How does this topic relate?

13 Change & Continuity Words Now Gradually Later Eventually Immediately Until that time Up to that time Formerly As things evolved Over Time At this point Afterword Next Persistent Sustained Enduring Ongoing Constant Sustained Maintained Uphold/upheld Preserve Retain Remain Stay Carry on

14 Keep this in mind while you write: You have to use concrete details and analyze based on the prompt. You can’t just say “Prior to 1948, the Jewish people had no homeland. In 1948, Israel was established.” Use facts to show the historical development of the change: “In the early twentieth century, few people saw the need for the establishment of an independent Jewish state. However, as a result of the genocide of Jewish people during World War 2, support for the the establishment of such a state began to grow, leading to the creation of Israel in 1948.”

15 You got this!

Presentation on theme: "AP World History Continuity and Change Over Time Essay."— Presentation transcript:

1 AP World History Continuity and Change Over Time Essay

2 What is the CCOT Essay? An essay discussing characteristics that changed and stayed the same in a given region between two time periods. An essay discussing characteristics that changed and stayed the same in a given region between two time periods. Comparison essay, but across time rather than region. Comparison essay, but across time rather than region. Know the required tasks & how they’re scored the rubric. Know the required tasks & how they’re scored the rubric.

3 What is the CCOT Essay? The CCOT deals specifically with analysis of continuities and changes over time covering at least one of the periods in the course outline. The CCOT deals specifically with analysis of continuities and changes over time covering at least one of the periods in the course outline. For example, it might address technology, trade, culture, migrations, or environment. For example, it might address technology, trade, culture, migrations, or environment. The CCOT question requires analysis of process and explanation of the cause with specific examples. The CCOT question requires analysis of process and explanation of the cause with specific examples.

4 The Purpose To evaluate your ability to analyze historical changes and continuities that have shaped events, social, political, economic developments in history and ability to gauge your analysis of global processes. To evaluate your ability to analyze historical changes and continuities that have shaped events, social, political, economic developments in history and ability to gauge your analysis of global processes.

5 What you need to do. Change Change Recognize it as it occurs in history. Recognize it as it occurs in history. Identify & Understand the causes of change. Identify & Understand the causes of change. Continuity Continuity Recognize factors which remain the same throughout an entire period. Recognize factors which remain the same throughout an entire period. Identify and understand factors which allow this to continue. Identify and understand factors which allow this to continue.

6 The “Change” Must discuss (utilizing concrete detail) and analyze changes that occurred relevant to the questions. Must discuss (utilizing concrete detail) and analyze changes that occurred relevant to the questions. And, of course, correct information. And, of course, correct information. If the questions discusses specific terms, such as social and political, you need to focus on political and social changes. If the questions discusses specific terms, such as social and political, you need to focus on political and social changes. If the questions is more vague, you need to think of aspects to base your analysis on. If the questions is more vague, you need to think of aspects to base your analysis on.

7 Common Triggers for Change Consider that change happens unevenly in places and overtime. Consider that change happens unevenly in places and overtime. Often speeding up & slowing down. Often speeding up & slowing down. Are there steps to the change? Are there steps to the change? Intermediate points between the beginning & end of period are important. Intermediate points between the beginning & end of period are important.

8 Good and Bad Changes You must identify the change and make it clear why that change occurred. You must identify the change and make it clear why that change occurred. Bad: Bad: Prior to 1948 the Jewish people had no homeland. In 1948, Israel was established. Prior to 1948 the Jewish people had no homeland. In 1948, Israel was established. Good: Good: In the Early 20th century, few people saw a need for the establishment of an independent Jewish state. However, once the world realized the massive genocide of Jews that took place during World War II, support for the establishment of Israel began to grow. In the Early 20th century, few people saw a need for the establishment of an independent Jewish state. However, once the world realized the massive genocide of Jews that took place during World War II, support for the establishment of Israel began to grow.

9 The “Continuity” The questions also asks you to address continuities, generally these are patterns or cultural tendencies that remain stagnant for years and years. The questions also asks you to address continuities, generally these are patterns or cultural tendencies that remain stagnant for years and years. For example: Think of the role of women, religions, philosophies, or conflict between the social classes. For example: Think of the role of women, religions, philosophies, or conflict between the social classes. It very important to remember that you need to have concrete details to back up your continuity. It very important to remember that you need to have concrete details to back up your continuity.

10 THESIS template (use it or not, the choice is yours) During the time period, _______________ changed from ___________ to ________ because________ (reason why). However, _______________(continuity) remained the same because____________.

11 Fundamentals of the CCOT Essay Thesis should define areas of change and areas of continuity. Thesis should define areas of change and areas of continuity. Establish time period boundaries & address entire period. Establish time period boundaries & address entire period. This can be done in two sentences. This can be done in two sentences. Address both continuity and change! Address both continuity and change! Everyone forgets to do continuity. Everyone forgets to do continuity. Analyze the cause of changes. Analyze the cause of changes. Discuss “global context”. Discuss “global context”. Connect to world processes and change. Connect to world processes and change.

12 How to Answer the CCOT Essay Approach #1 – Direct Basis body paragraph around the changes and continuities you identify. Basis body paragraph around the changes and continuities you identify. 1. Claim sentence 2. Baseline 3. Cause of change or context 4. Evidence Early, middle, late Early, middle, late 5. Summary of change. Status at end of period & significance Status at end of period & significance

13 How to Answer the CCOT Essay Approach #2 – Narrative Describe the flow of history from beginning of period to end w/embedded changes/continuities. Describe the flow of history from beginning of period to end w/embedded changes/continuities. Bases body paragraphs around sub-periods. Bases body paragraphs around sub-periods. 1. CLAIM: Introduce topic and assert analysis 2. Context: warrant 3. Characteristics, events, & processes that change/stay the same 4. Cause of changes seen in period & significance

14 Historical Context Remember that changes and continuities in a particular region do not happen in a vacuum. Remember that changes and continuities in a particular region do not happen in a vacuum. Use varying scope. Use varying scope. Global trends vs. regional vs. local Global trends vs. regional vs. local Don’t be afraid to note exceptions to a trend. Don’t be afraid to note exceptions to a trend.

15 Words to express change/continuity:

16 Problems observed in student responses:  misuse of evidence by placing events in the wrong time period  making reference to global processes happening over a vague period of time without any anchoring dates  create lists of information rather than well-structured arguments